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DEBARMENT – a company is debarred by a government or multilateral agency when it is formally prohibited from tendering for projects that the government or agency is funding (or supporting the funding for). This happens if, after enquiry and examination, that company is adjudged to have been involved in the use of corruption to secure past or current projects with either the agency/government or other agencies who operate similar policies recognised by the debarring agency/government.

DEMOCRATIC ACCOUNTABILITY – the idea that people entrusted with political power have a duty of accountability to their electorate.

DISCLOSURE – this refers to the provision of information as required under law or in good faith, regarding activities of a private individual, public official, company or organisation. Information can include a political candidate’s assets, a company’s financial reports, or an organisation’s funders. It can also refer to information regarding corrupt activities that is provided to authorities.