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Corruption Watch (CW) has been involved in the fight against Cash Paymaster Services (CPS) since 2013. In September that year we first appeared in the Constitutional Court (ConCourt), as amicus curiae in the case of the social grants distribution contract awarded irregularly by the South African Social Security Agency (Sassa) to CPS, and were part of the team that won the case. CPS had been through the lower courts already by that time. The North Gauteng High Court had declared the contract invalid, but declined to set aside the tender award, to avoid disruptions to the service. The original applicant AllPay took the matter to the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) which dismissed it, and then brought it to the ConCourt. In response to the High Court judgment CPS brought an appeal of its own to the SCA, which was upheld. CW entered the case as it reached the ConCourt.

In a separate but related matter, in March 2015 we approached the North Gauteng High Court to help recoup R316-million that CPS had received for a process that was already catered for in its unlawful contract – we won this case too. CPS applied for leave to appeal, but the Constitutional Court dismissed its application.

CPS is still evading accountability for its dodgy dealings with Sassa, nearly nine years later.

The ConCourt is having none of it, though. In a sequel to the Allpay matter, brought by Freedom Under Law and again featuring CW as amicus, the court had ordered, in April 2021, that CPS must be audited to determine its expenses, income, and profits – but in October 2022 CPS was placed in final liquidation at Sassa’s instance. The liquidation arose from an unsatisfied judgment against CPS for the R316-million it had been ordered to pay back in 2018.

The provisional liquidators then applied to have the ConCourt’s order varied and for the South African Revenue Service to be joined to the case, on the basis that CPS was now in liquidation. The court dismissed this application in a judgment handed down on 11 February. Read the original article, as published on GroundUp, below.

By Tania Broughton
First published on GroundUp

The Constitutional Court has again directed that the provisional liquidators of Cash Paymaster Services (CPS) must hand over documents to independent auditors to establish what profits it made from the unlawful social grants contract.

“Compliance with the order is not optional and there is thus no reason to delay compliance,” the court has ruled.

In 2014, the apex court held that the five year contract between the company and the South African Social Security Agency (Sassa) for the payments of social grants was invalid, but twice extended the invalidity to ensure grants were paid.

It ordered that CPS file with the court an audited statement of expenses, income and net profit, stating that the company had no right to benefit from an unlawful contract.

The audit was to be approved by National Treasury and RAiN Chartered Accountants Incorporated (RAiN, engaged by Sassa), to verify the profit statements.

After CPS filed the statements with the court, Treasury and RAiN raised red flags.

RAiN said there was a “crucial outstanding issue” – whether CPS had engaged in “cost-shifting and profit shifting” – and it needed more information to get to the bottom of this.

CPS was placed into liquidation in October 2020 at the instance of Sassa which claimed it was owed more than R316-million by the company.

Freedom Under Law approached the court in 2021, alleging that CPS had under-declared its profits by more than R800-million and, once there was a final, approved audit, it would seek an order that any profits be repaid to the state.

In April last year it secured the order that CPS must provide all documents that RAiN wanted.

But the provisional liquidators wanted to vary the order claiming they did not have the necessary powers to comply with it and it should be put on hold until permanent liquidators were appointed.

They also wanted the South African Revenue Service (Sars) to be joined in the proceedings because, they said, it was conducting a final audit for the contract period and it was claiming more than R1.1-billion, alleging CPS had overstated its expenses.

Last week, the court dismissed this application, effectively ruling that the April 2021 order still stands.

The court said there was no need for the taxman to become involved in the matter because the order did not affect its rights, obligations or duties in any way and “this court has no jurisdiction in any tax dispute between CPS and Sars”.

Regarding the fact that the court order did not specify that CPS was in liquidation, the court said it was not necessary because “the company has not ceased to exist because it is in final liquidation nor has it been divested of its assets and liabilities”.

The court said the provisional liquidators had not pointed to any statutory provision which rendered their compliance with the April 2021 order impossible.

“They say they have already started the process of locating the relevant documents in conjunction with CPS’s directors, which refutes the notion that compliance is something beyond their statutory powers … they have custody and control of all CPS property, including its books, records and documents.”

The court said compliance with the order had nothing to do with the winding up of the company. The court described the order as “just and equitable”.

“Compliance with the order is not optional and there is thus no reason to delay compliance.”